A historical view of the rallies held by the white supremacist groups in USA across centuries
Nazism in America reached disturbing heights on Feb. 20, 1939, when an organization known as the German American Bund held a rally in New York City's Madison Square Garden, attended by some 20,000 pro-Nazi Americans. Following the outbreak of World War II and the subsequent defeat of Nazi Germany, many of these larger organizations dissolved from the mainstream, but a revival of white supremacy principles during the civil rights era fueled a revival of neo-Nazi hate groups, such as the American Nazi Party and the National States' Rights Party.
The audience gives a Nazi salute as flags are paraded down the center aisle of a Nazi rally in White Plains, New York
Neo-Nazi John Patler marches on his own to protest the desegregation of schools as a crowd of people watches in Englewood, New Jersey, on Aug. 20, 1962. Patler was arrested and jailed in 1967 for the assassination of Lincoln Rockwell.
A young boy, helped by an adult, holds up a swastika sign as part of a counterdemonstration to a civil rights march in Cicero, Illinois, in 1966.
Neo-Nazi protesters organized by the National Socialist Movement demonstrate near the site of the grand opening ceremonies of the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center in Skokie, Illinois, on April 19, 2009.
A Neo-Nazi Group has chosen today, the 75th anniversary of one of the deadliest and most violent pogroms during the Nazi reign in Germany, to stage a rally in Kansas City, Mo., protesting immigration reform.
The National Socialist Movement, a white supremacist party claiming to be "the political party for every patriotic white American," has been advertising its plans to hold a rally on the 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht, also known as the Night of Broken Glass, on its website since October.
At around 3 p.m. today, the group planned to converge at the Jackson County Courthouse in Kansas City to protest politicians who advocate granting amnesty to "illegal aliens" and who they say are allowing the "nation to drown in a free fall of economic collapse."
"If you are working for a slaves wage, making barely enough to feed your family, and are tired of seeing the corruption that is crippling our land, the time to get active in this fight is now," a leaflet for the event says.
The NSM has teamed up with other white supremacist groups, including members of the white Christian group Aryan Nations, the Sadistic Souls Motorcycle Club and the Traditionalist American Knights, an affiliate of the Klu Klux Klan.
A white supremacist group rallied against illegal immigration in downtown Los Angeles Saturday as hundreds of counter-protesters gathered to shout them down in a tense standoff that included several arrests, thrown rocks and police in riot gear.
Police officers stood between the white supremacists and counter-demonstrators on the south lawn of Los Angeles' City Hall, where about 50 members of the National Socialist Movement waved American flags and swastika banners for about an hour.
Five people, all of them counter-protesters, were arrested on suspicion of throwing items, police said.
The white supremacists, many of them wearing flack helmets and black military fatigue uniforms, shouted "Sieg Heil" before each of their speakers took the podium to taunt counter-protesters with racial, anti-Semitic and misogynistic epithets.
Neo-Nazis at a rally in Southern California were outnumbered by counter-protestors, as both sides ended up yelling at each other under the watchful eyes of police.
About 75 members of the National Socialist Movement gathered Saturday near Pomona City Hall. The group is opposed to illegal immigration and California's version of the Dream Act, which allows undocumented students to access financial aid.
Jeff Schoep of the National Socialist Movement told CBS Station KCBS, "Illegal immigrants are coming to our country. They're taking away our jobs, they're causing our recession to get worse."
The Detroit-based neo-Nazi group was confronted by several hundred protesters. Angry words flew, and orange traffic cones were tossed at the Neo-Nazis.
Mark Gluba, a city spokesman, told the Los Angeles Times that except for demonstrators and counter-protestors screaming back and forth, the event was generally peaceful and no one was arrested.
About 50 neo-Nazis had arrived at Pennsylvania Capitol for their planned rally to find a heavy police presence and counter-protesters that vastly outnumber them. The National Socialist Movement, one of the country's largest neo-Nazi groups, selected the state Capitol as the location for their biannual rally against diversity
The white nationalists and skinheads, clad in black, began to arrive for their planned march on the state Capitol grounds. They were met by hundreds of protesters toting signs that denounced “Nazi scum.”
Violence began almost immediately, authorities and witnesses said, and by the time the clashes ended 20 minutes later, at least seven people had been stabbed, nine were hospitalized and many more suffered bruises, scrapes and cuts.
"They attacked each other without hesitation," said counter-protester Chandra Zafra, 50, a member of the Mexica Movement nonprofit. "It was a war zone."
For much of the afternoon, the historic domed Capitol was locked down, with staffers and tourists inside. Police swarmed the park-like grounds, but by Sunday evening there had still been no arrests.
The Sacramento stabbings came several months after another violent confrontation between members of a Ku Klux Klan group and counter-protesters at an Anaheim park.
Counter-protester Yvette Felarca, 46, said the marchers had been driven away and had not been able to recruit members.
About 50 Ku Klux Klan members protested Saturday in Charlottesville, Virginia, after the city decided to sell a park statue of Confederate Army General Robert E. Lee but they were dwarfed by an estimated 1,000 counter-protesters.
The Loyal White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan organized to protest the city's decision to take down the statute and rename the park around it, and orginally expected 80 to 100 Klan attendees. While there was no reason given for the smaller turnout, the Anti-Defamation League says the group has been diminished by infighting and high turnover, CBS News' Paula Reid reports.
A total of 23 people were arrested Saturday, according to the city. Some counter-protesters were reluctant to leave the space when the rally's designated time slot ended which prompted law enforcement to declare an unlawful assembly. Both the Virginia State Police and the Charlottesville Police Department were on the scene with more than 100 officers.
Some of the Klan members were armed with guns and some wore Klan robes at Saturday's rally.
Supporters of the Ku Klux Klan and the Black Panthers clashed outside the South Carolina Capitol in Columbia on Saturday.
The South Carolina Department of Public Safety reported five arrests. Seven people were transported by ambulances for medical treatment.
Both the Loyal White Knights of the KKK and the New Black Panther Party held rallies on the statehouse grounds.
The KKK rally in support of the Confederate flag came a week and a day after the flag was removed from outside the Capitol building.
"The Confederate flag does not represent hate. A lot of Americans died for that flag," one member of the KKK said, according to CNN affiliate WOLO.
Confederate flag's half-century at South Carolina Capitol ends
As the day went on, tensions grew between protesters and counter-protesters.
State police placed themselves between opposing sides, but skirmishes still erupted. At one point, a group of people grabbed a Confederate flag and started ripping it apart.
Authorities shut down the rally an hour early to disperse the crowd they estimated at 2,000 people.
Hundreds of protesters descended upon Charlottesville, Virginia, on Saturday for a “Unite the Right” rally: a belated coming-out party for an emboldened white nationalist movement in the United States.
The rally was dispersed by police minutes after its scheduled start at noon, after clashes between rallygoers and counter-protesters, and after a torchlit pre-rally march Friday night descended into violence.
But later that day, as rallygoers began a march and counterprotests continued, a reported Nazi sympathizer drove a car into a crowd of counterprotesters, killing one and injuring 19.
Self-described “pro-white” activist Jason Kessler organized the rally to protest the planned removal of a statue of confederate general Robert E. Lee from a park in Charlottesville. Kessler is affiliated with the alt-right movement that uses internet trolling tactics to argue against diversity and “identity politics” — part of a broader cultural backlash that helped elect Donald Trump.
But the rally quickly attracted other more traditional groups of white nationalists, neo-Nazis, and the Ku Klux Klan.
The involvement of hate groups and the threat of violence led the city of Charlottesville to attempt to marginalize the rally for “hate speech,” but the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) defended the demonstrators’ rights. The combination of rallygoers spoiling for a fight, and counter-protestors determined to convey that the rallygoers’ ideology was not welcome in America, allowed the violence to overshadow the speech — and eventually prevent the rally from going forward as planned.
Members of the KKK and Nazis hold a rally in Chicago's Marquette Park in September 1988.
The Ku Klux Klan was holding a rally in the northeast Georgia community of Gainesville, where the white supremacist group hoped to breathe some life into its flagging revival campaign of the late 1980s and early ’90s.
Eighteen Ku Klux Klan members, vastly outnumbered by scores of reporters, photographers and television crews, hundreds of riot-helmeted police officers and thousands of counterdemonstrators, stood in silent protest for an hour and 15 minutes yesterday in the limp finale to a constitutional melodrama stretching from City Hall to the United States Supreme Court.
But after the police hustled the Klan members -- 16 men and 2 women, most wearing pointed white hoods, but no masks -- into the basement of the State Supreme Court building on Foley Square 45 minutes before the scheduled end of their rally, a series of running clashes between the counterdemonstrators and the police broke out nearby, around the Municipal Building.
The day began badly for the Klan members. A three-judge appellate court had ruled that the city could enforce an obscure 1845 state law prohibiting masked gatherings.
Five people were arrested but no one was injured Saturday at a neo-Nazi rally where participants were vastly outnumbered by counterprotesters.
Two people were arrested on weapons violation charges and three for disorderly conduct during the 90-minute rally on W. Greenfield Ave. between S. 75th and S. 76th streets in front of City Hall.
There were a few tense moments when a separate group of neo-Nazi sympathizers in the crowd were confronted by a group of angry protesters. Insults were hurled. Then someone threw a metal object, and the crowd backed off.
Police dressed in riot gear moved in quickly, surrounding the area and forming a barrier with their batons.
The rally was organized by the National Socialist Movement, a neo-Nazi group out of Detroit, to call attention to incidents of violence this summer. Those include so-called flash mobs involving groups of young African-Americans attacking white adults. One of the incidents occurred on the first night of the State Fair in West Allis, and another after the July 3 fireworks in Milwaukee's Riverwest neighborhood.
The neo-Nazis numbered 25 to 30. About 2,000 people attended a counter-rally an hour earlier, according to police. The counterprotest featured drumming, chanting and a rendition of "Kumbaya." Speakers invoked Martin Luther King Jr., Gandhi and the lyrics of the Broadway classic "South Pacific" ("You've got to be taught to hate and fear.")